Ricardo Eliecer Naphtali Reyes Basoalto, Pablo Neruda. He was born on July 12th, 1904 in the city of Parral. Located in the central region of Chile.
He was the only son of Master Rosa Basoalto. Who did not know because he died of tuberculosis. shortly after giving birth. and the railway conductor José del Carmen Reyes Morales. Who two years later would settle in Temuco with the child. and where he would contract marriage for the second time with Trinidad changes Marverde. To whom Neruda would dedicate one of his poems.
In 1910, Pablo Neruda entered the Lyceum of men. Where he studied all his studies until the end of the 6th year of Humanities in 1920. The breathtaking natural surroundings of Temuco. Its forests, lakes, rivers and mountains will forever mark the poetic world of Neruda.
In 1917, it publishes its first article in the newspaper the morning of Temuco. with the title of enthusiasm and perseverance. In this town he wrote a lot of the work. Who would come to integrate their first book of poems. Crepusculario.
Around 1920, he meets Gabriela Mistral. From whose encounter he will remember. “She made me read the first great names of Russian literature that influenced me so much.” Towards 1921 and seventeen years old. He starts signing his writings definitively with the pseudonym of Pablo Neruda. Fundamentally in order to circumvent the father’s disgust at having a poet son.
His fame in 1924 for his book Pablo Neruda
In 1924 he published his famous > Twenty love poems and a desperate song. Which still shows an influx of modernism. Then a formal renovation determination is revealed. Of avant-garde intent, in three short books published in 1926. The inhabitant and his hope, rings. In collaboration with Tomás Lago. and attempt of the Infinite Man.
In 1927. He began his long diplomatic career as consul in Rangoon, Burma. From where there is a memorable epistolary with the Argentinean writer Héctor Eandi. It will then be consul in Sri Lanka. Java, Singapore, Buenos Aires, Barcelona and Madrid.
In 1971, Pablo Neruda was transformed into the third Latin American writer and the second Chilean. Who obtained the Nobel Prize in literature, but his literary splendour did not hindered his commitment to defending Chilean interests. While participating in a Pen Club meeting in new York. He took the case to denounce the US blockade against Chile. After relinquishing his post as ambassador in France. He returned to Santiago, where he was honored by a crowd at the national stadium.
Being at the top was affected by a military coup
At the height of his popularity and prestige he was surprised by the military coup of September 11th, 1973. Against President Salvador Allende. The new situation in his country deeply affects him and his health suffers even more because of prostate cancer that afflicted him. Reason why. He is rushed from his home in Isla Negra to Santiago. where he died on September 23rd, 1973.
Some of his famous works were
Twenty love Poems and a desperate song
This is one of the most famous works of Chilean poet Pablo Neruda. Published in 1924. The Poemo released its author to fame with just 19 years of age. And it is one of the most renowned literary works of the twentieth century in the Spanish language.
Attempt of the Infinite Man
The young poet of twenty years, Pablo Neruda. The success of the “Twenty Poems of Love” did not go up to his head. On the contrary, he persisted in seeking his best possible language. Through the metamorphosis that his writing traversed from 1924 to 1926. (Preexisting the greatest exit of myself: creation, wanting to enlighten the words). Thus, the young poet managed to conceive for his new book a design that included as a thematic vertebrate the itinerary of a “Night trip “. And, as a form, a poetic language of avant–garde intent based on the absence of punctuation and capital letters. and arranged like a heterogeneous chain, deshilvanada, of phrases or segments juxtaposed in association more or less free or arbitrary. Not devoid, however, of an underlying discursive logic.
New love Song to Stalingrad
Neruda’s work the first two songs of Love to Stalingrad. They are characterized by the resonance of a new poetic voice that goes back to the cycle Spain in the heart of 1938. If in a first stage, the one of 20 love poems and a Desperate Song (1924). Neruda’s poetry pervaded the erotic exaltation of youth. And in a second period, residence on Earth (1933). Of the gloomy solitary introspection. From 1938 his voice was the expression of a profound social and civic engagement.
In 1947 this third residence was published in Buenos Aires. That will be marked by the gloomy events that Neruda has had to live. Personally and politically. The Civil War. Reflected in Spain in the heart. He has marked a new stage in his poetry. The social, political, always dazzling poet has been born.